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Table 3 Association of spontaneously mentioning medicine with demographic, educational, personality and job type measures

From: Doctor, builder, soldier, lawyer, teacher, dancer, shopkeeper, vet: exploratory study of which eleven-year olds would like to become a doctor

  Mentioned medicine Did not mention medicine Significance
Mean (SD;N) or % (N) Mean (SD;N) or % (N)
Demographic measures
 Sex (% Female) 60.4 % (154) 47.2 % (1410) Phi = .079, X 2  = 9.72, 1df, p  = .002
 Ethnicity (% BME) 74.8 % (107) 35.9 % (1213) Phi = .244; X 2  = 80.5, 1df, p  < .001
 English not first language 60.7 % (145) 26.2 % (325) Phi = .231 , X 2  = 73.7, 1df, p  < .001
 Free school meals 14.5 % (145) 14.6 % (1239) Phi = −.001; X2 = .002, 1df, p = .968
 Family income (£000) 33.1 (22.6; 59) 37.9 (19.8; 510) t = −1.70, 567 df, p = .091
 Parental education level 2.43 (1.09; 63) 2.20 (1.17; 570) t = 1.47, 631 df, p = .142
Life events
 Death of parent, brother, sister, grandparent or close friend 20.8 % (154) 25.5 % (1410) Phi = −.032, X2 = 1.62, 1df, p = .203
 Serious illness or injury in self, family or close friend 24.7 % (154) 28.9 % (1410) Phi = −.028, X2 = 1.24, 1df, p = .266
School attainment
 KS2 English 4.35 (.68; 139) 4.26 (.69; 1197) t = 1.36, 1334 df, p = .175
 KS2 maths 4.41 (.76; 139) 4.30 (.76; 1203) t = 1.72, 1340 df, p = .273
 Cognitive ability test; verbal 101.7 (13.0; 96) 103.2 (12.1; 869) t = −1.17, 963 df, p = .244
 Cognitive ability test; non-verbal 104.6 (14.7; 96) 102.3 (13.8; 869) t = 1.53, 963 df, p = .127
 Cognitive ability test; quantitative 103.9 (14.4; 96) 102.2 (13.5; 869) t = 1.20, 963 df, p = .231
 KS3 (year 7) English 10.70 (2.36; 128) 10.86 (2.53; 1132) t = −.675 , 1258 df, p = .500.
 KS3 (year 7) Maths 11.94 (2.75; 128) 11.42 (3.01; 1134) t = 1.89 , 1260 df, p = ..060
 KS3 (year 7) Science 11.43 (2.13; 128) 11.07 (2.15; 1135) t = 1.84 , 1261 df, p = 067.
 KS3 (year 7) average 11.36 (2.05; 128) 11.11 (2.28;1135 ) t = 1.17, 1261 df, p = .241
Personality
 Neuroticism 2.63 (1.13; 76) 3.02 (1.07; 613) t = −3.04, 687 df, p  = .002
 Extraversion 3.74 (.77; 74) 3.70 (.85; 613) t = .448, 687 df, p = .654
 Openness to experience 4.37 (.64; 76) 4.14 (.73; 614) t = .2.68, 688 df, p  = .007
 Agreeableness 4.45 (.68; 76) 4.30 (.76; 615) t = 1.62, 689 df, p = .106
 Conscientiousness 3.91 (.75; 76) 3.91 (.75; 613) t = 2.81, 687 df, p  = .005
Job preferences
 Preference for Realistic jobs (R) 3.85 (.17; 129) 3.91 (.20; 1170) t = −3.00, 1297 df, p  = .003
Preference for Investigative jobs (I) 3.43 (.19; 129) 3.28 (.20; 1170) t = 8.52, 1297 df, p  < .001
 Preference for Artistic jobs (A) 3.32 (.21; 129) 3.38 (.24; 1170) t = −2.73, 1297 df, p  = .006
 Preference for Social jobs (S) 3.07 (.17; 129) 3.03 (.17; 1170) t = 1.93, 1297 df, p = .053
Preference for Enterprising jobs (E) 4.17 (.13; 129) 4.21 (.14; 1170) t = −2.73, 1297 df, p  = .006
Preference for Conventional jobs (C) 3.71 (.14; 129) 3.67 (.15; 1170) t = 2.53, 1297 df, p  = .011
 People (SAE) rather than Things (RIC) −1.22 (.81; 129) −1.10 (1.02; 1170) t = −1.24, 1297 df, p = .216
Data (CE) rather than Ideas (IA) 1.92 (.68; 129) 2.08 (.73; 1170) t = 2.44, 1297 df, p  = .015
Preference for high prestige jobs 1.30 (.721; 121) .249 (.856; 1124) t = 13.02, 1243 df, p  < .001