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Table 3 Mean ratings per picture category and gender for the social context subset

From: Does it matter how you ask? Self-reported emotions to depictions of need-of-help and social context

  d
  (Lower 95% CI / Upper 95% CI)
  Bipolar valence Arousal Pleasantness Unpleasantness
Child-alone −0.02 2.70 2 2.99 2.44
  (−0.66 / 0.63) (2.34 / 3.07) (2.47 / 3.51) (1.76 / 3.11)
Adult-alone 0.10 1.45 2.60 1.80
  (−0.52 / 0.72) (1.27 / 1.62) (2.08 / 3.13) (1.22 / 2.39)
Social passive 0.55 2.32 2 3.81 1,2 1.74
  (0.00 / 1.10) (2.04 / 2.61) (3.29 / 4.33) (1.24 / 2.24)
Social helping 0.99 2.40 2 4.23 1,2 1.56
  (0.50 / 1.48) (2.15 / 2.64) (3.66 / 4.80) (1.14 / 1.98)
Women 0.46 2.17 3.56 1.89
  (0.15 / 0.77) (1.97 / 2.38) (3.23 / 3.90) (1.61 / 2.16)
Men 0.24 2.33 2.97 1.87
  (0.03 / 0.45) (2.51 / 2.15) (2.68 / 3.25) (1.61 / 2.12)
  1. 1CI not overlapping with “Child-alone” pictures, indicating a meaningful difference.
  2. 2CI not overlapping with “Adult-alone” pictures, indicating a meaningful difference.