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Table 2 Mean ratings per picture category and gender for the need-of-help subset

From: Does it matter how you ask? Self-reported emotions to depictions of need-of-help and social context

   M
   (Lower 95% CI / Upper 95% CI)
Comparison Group Bipolar valence Arousal Pleasantness Unpleasantness
Need − No need Need −1.19 3.89 1.87 3.92
   (−1.45 / −0.92) (3.67 / 4.11) (1.62 / 2.11) (3.56 / 4.28)
  No Need 0.24 2.68 3.08 2.16
   (0.02 / 0.46) (2.54 / 2.83) (2.84 / 3.32) (1.92 / 2.40)
Bird − child Bird 0.06 3.29 3.02 2.59
   (−0.32 / 0.43) (3.00 / 3.59) (2.68 / 3.36) (2.15 / 3.03)
  Child −0.79 3.28 2.15 3.31
   (−1.03 / −0.54) (3.07 / 3.50) (1.92 / 2.38) (2.97 / 3.64)
Women − men Women −0.52 3.44 2.66 3.34
   (−0.89 / −0.15) (3.17 / 3.72) (2.32 / 3.01) (2.90 / 3.77)
  Men -0.41 3.13 2.27 2.75
   (-0.66 / -0.17) (2.92 / 3.34) (2.05 / 2.49) (2.43 / 3.07)
  1. Compared means whose 95% CIs do not overlap are highlighted in bold.