Skip to main content

Table 3 Group comparisons on psychiatric symptoms severity and number of diagnoses

From: Chronic pain in multi-traumatized outpatients with a refugee background resettled in Norway: a cross-sectional study

Dependent variables No chronic pain* (n = 21) Chronic pain* (n = 40)    
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) t-value p-value p-value§
IES-R 42.8 (19.1) 55.0 (15.5) −2.558 0.013 0.050
HSCL-25 total scale 2.3 (0.6) 2.9 (0.5) −3.503 0.001 0.006
HSCL- 25- Depression scale 2.4 (0.7) 2.0 (0.6) −3.040 0.004 0.016
HSCL- 25-Anxiety scale 2.3 (0.6) 2.8 (0.6) −3.302 0.002 0.010
SIDES severity 35.5 (18.2) 46.5 (17.0) −2.337 0.023 0.069
Number of current diagnoses 3.8 (2.6) 5.0 (2.5) −1.901 0.078 0.078
  1. T-tests were performed; (*) Chronic pain at clinical levels; (§) p-values adjusted for multiple testing by Holm adjustment; in bold significant p-values; IES-R = Impact of Event Scale Revised; HSCL-25 = Hopkins Symptom Checklist Scale; SIDES = Structured Interview for Disorders of Extreme Stress.