Skip to main content

Table 2 Mean z-scores and raw scores of motivational regulation per cluster

From: Profiling physical activity motivation based on self-determination theory: a cluster analysis approach

  Cluster 1:   Cluster 2:   Cluster 3:   F(df = 2)
  Autonomous motivation Controlled motivation Low motivation  
  n = 1310 n = 610 n = 553   
  z-scores raw scores z-scores raw scores z-scores raw scores  
External regulation −0.52 ± 0.39a 1.23 ± 0.37a 1.07 ± 0.79b 2.75 ± 0.76b −0.23 ± 0.70c 1.50 ± 0.67c 1605.05***
Introjected regulation −0.06 ± 0.86a 3.00 ± 1.07a 0.85 ± 0.70b 4.15 ± 0.88b −0.91 ± 0.61c 1.93 ± 0.77c 765.72***
Identified regulation 0.52 ± 0.54a 5.81 ± 0.74a 0.13 ± 0.65b 5.28 ± 0.90b −1.37 ± 0.89c 3.23 ± 1.22c 1626.20***
Intrinsic motivation 0.57 ± 0.63a 5.39 ± 0.96a 0.01 ± 0.70b 4.55 ± 1.06b −1.31 ± 0.67c 2.54 ± 1.02c 1638.94***
  1. For each variable, means with different superscripts indicate a significant difference at P < .05 using Bonferroni post-hoc tests.
  2. ***P < .001.