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Table 5 Hierarchical multiple logistic regression analyses predicting mental health from protective lifestyle behaviour score

From: Lifestyle choices and mental health: a representative population survey

  High life satisfaction a SWLS > 19 Low depression a DASS depression scale < 10 Low anxiety a DASS anxiety scale < 6 Low stress a DASS stress scale < 10
  Odds ratio CI 95 % Odds ratio CI ( 95 %) Odds ratio CI ( 95 %) Odds ratio CI ( 95 %)
Step 1: Sociodemographic variables
 Gender 1.01 0.90 1.13 1.14 0.97 1.33 1.13 0.99 1.29 1.28*** 1.13 1.45
 Age 1.00* 1.00 1.01 1.02*** 1.01 1.02 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.02*** 1.02 1.03
 Education 1.27*** 1.20 1.34 1.38*** 1.27 1.49 1.35*** 1.26 1.43 1.17*** 1.10 1.24
Marital statusb Ref.: single
 Married 2.11*** 1.81 2.46 1.64*** 1.31 2.05 1.28** 1.07 1.52 1.15 0.96 1.38
 Divorced 1.24* 1.02 1.49 1.09 0.83 1.43 0.99 0.80 1.24 1.18 0.94 1.47
Methodb Ref.: online
 Face-to-face 1.50*** 1.28 1.75 3.52*** 2.78 4.46 3.14*** 2.60 3.80 2.76*** 2.28 3.32
 Mixed 1.45*** 1.24 1.70 1.84*** 1.49 2.27 2.03*** 1.70 2.44 2.09*** 1.74 2.50
 Telephone 3.47*** 2.89 4.16 3.43*** 2.71 4.35 2.61*** 2.18 3.14 1.61*** 1.37 1.90
Step 2: Sociodemographic variables and protective lifestyle behaviour score
 Gender 1.01 0.90 1.14 1.14 0.97 1.34 1.14 1.00 1.29 1.28*** 1.13 1.46
 Age 1.01*** 1.00 1.01 1.02*** 1.01 1.02 1.00 1.00 1.01 1.02*** 1.02 1.03
 Education 1.16*** 1.10 1.23 1.24*** 1.14 1.34 1.26*** 1.18 1.34 1.07* 1.01 1.14
Marital statusb Reference: single
 Married 1.95*** 1.66 2.28 1.46** 1.17 1.84 1.17 0.98 1.4 1.05 0.87 1.26
 Divorced 1.17 0.97 1.42 1.02 0.78 1.33 0.95 0.76 1.18 1.12 0.90 1.40
Methodb Reference: online
 Face-to-face 1.52*** 1.29 1.79 3.64*** 2.86 4.62 3.22*** 2.66 3.90 2.81*** 2.33 3.40
 Mixed 1.59*** 1.35 1.87 2.07*** 1.67 2.56 2.21*** 1.84 2.65 2.30*** 1.92 2.77
 Telephone 2.88*** 2.39 3.47 2.74*** 2.15 3.49 2.23*** 1.86 2.69 1.35** 1.14 1.59
Protective Lifestyle Behaviour Score (PLB)b Ref: 0-2
 3 PLB 1.26 0.96 1.65 1.73** 1.24 2.39 1.56** 1.12 2.18 1.73*** 1.28 2.35
 4 PLB 2.06*** 1.59 2.65 2.21*** 1.63 2.98 1.85*** 1.41 2.43 2.06*** 1.56 2.71
 5 PLB 3.09*** 2.39 3.99 3.37*** 2.51 4.53 2.73*** 2.09 3.56 3.09*** 2.37 4.04
 6 PLB 4.25*** 3.27 5.52 5.32*** 3.86 7.35 3.26*** 2.43 4.36 4.03*** 3.04 5.34
 7 PLB 6.57*** 4.70 9.18 12.07*** 7.09 20.56 5.52*** 3.71 8.22 6.36*** 4.40 9.20
  1. Note. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001.
  2. aOutcome variables were dichotomized in symptomatic and non-symptomatic categories according to literature.
  3. bCategorial predictors were dummy-coded; each category presented is tested against the reference category.