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Table 1 Comparison of demographic characteristics, work-related factors, behavioural factors and psychological distress for Swedish and Italian surgeons

From: Suicidal ideation among surgeons in Italy and Sweden – a cross-sectional study

Characteristics   Sweden (%) Italy (%) p*
Number of respondents   272 149  
Gender Male 166 (61.0) 113 (75.8)  
  Female 106 (39.0) 36 (24.2) .002
  Missing data 0 0  
Age <40 y 28 (10.3) 18 (12.2) ns
  40- < 54 y 170 (62.7) 87 (58.8)  
  ≥55 y 73 (26.9) 43 (29.1)  
  Missing data 0 0  
Living with partner Yes 235 (88.8) 121 (81.2) ns
  No 37 (11.2) 28 (18.8)  
  Missing data 0 0  
Number of children 0 39 (14.6) 40 (27.2) .000
  1-2 131 (49.1) 86 (58.5)  
  3 or more 97 (36.3) 21 (14.3)  
  Missing data 5 2  
Work-related factors     
Recent degrading experiences/harassment at work Yes 49 (18.0) 45 (30.2) ns
  No 212 (77.9) 102 (68.5)  
  Missing data 11 2  
Perpetrator, superior Yes 27 (9.9) 38 (25.5) .000
  No 245 (90.1) 111 (74.5)  
  Missing data 0 0  
Perpetrator, colleague Yes 23 (8.5) 17 (11.4) ns
  No 249 (91.5) 132 (88.6)  
  Missing data 0 0  
Hours on night call, mean (SD)   8.82 (13.1) 5.93 (4.57) .028
Taken care of in the organisation, mean (SD)   2.49 (1.03) 1.60 (0.93) .000
Regular meetings to discuss situations at work, mean (SD)   2.92 (0.88) 2.66 (0.90) .005
Role conflict, mean (SD)   2.93 (0.88) 3.04 (0.95) ns
Empowering leadership, mean (SD)   2.92 (1.13) 2.57 (1.23) .004
Work/home interface and behavioural factors     
Work demands interfere with family life, mean (SD)   3.71 (0.95) 3.77 (1.01) ns
Family life interferes with work, mean (SD)   2.66 (1.13) 2.50 (1.03) ns
Sickness presenteeism, mean (SD)   3.19 (1.16) 3.34 (1.09) ns
Compensatory leave, mean (SD)   1.33 (0.77) 1.25 (0.68) ns
Psychological distress     
Suicidal ideation in last 12 months, number (%) Yes 32 (11.8) 26 (17.4) ns
  No 235 (86.4) 120 (80.5)  
  Missing data 5 3  
Depression, mean (SD)   2.09 (0.47) 2.01 (0.44) ns
Burnout exhaustion, mean (SD)   2.57 (0.51) 2.49 (0.58) ns
Burnout disengagement, mean (SD)   2.28 (0.52) 2.17 (0.57) ns
  1. *p-values measured with χ2 tests (−1 df) for dichotomous variables, t-test comparing means. Differences in scale scores assessed by 2-sample t-tests, 2-tailed significant levels.