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Table 9 Prospective hierarchical regressions, predicting SDQ psychological difficulties at T2 from direct and indirect victimization at T1 a

From: Direct and indirect aggression and victimization in adolescents - associations with the development of psychological difficulties

Variables   R 2 B SE B Δ F-step
Predicting SDQ Emotional Symptoms at T2 from Direct and Indirect Victimization at T1
Step 1   .39     281.5***
Gender    −0.94 0.12 −.22***  
T1 Emotional Symptoms    0.53 0.03 .52***  
Step 2   .02     11.2***
Gender    −0.90 0.12 −.21***  
T1 Emotional Symptoms    0.48 0.03 .47***  
T1 Victim of Direct Aggression    −0.38 0.58 −.03  
T1 Victim of Indirect Aggression    1.90 0.48 .15***  
Predicting SDQ Conduct Problems at T2 from Direct and Indirect Victimization at T1
Step 1   .25     150.6***
Gender    0.20 0.10 .06  
T1 Conduct Problems    0.52 0.03 .50***  
Step 2   .01     6.2**
Gender    0.15 0.16 .04  
T1 Conduct Problems    0.48 0.03 .46***  
T1 Victim of Direct Aggression    0.28 0.51 .02  
T1 Victim of Indirect Aggression    0.94 0.43 .09*  
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001.
  2. aNo results from Step 3 are reported because no significant effects were found.