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Table 3 Gender differences on model parameter

From: The developmental relationship between language and motor performance from 3 to 5 years of age: a prospective longitudinal population study

  Boys b (CI) Girls b (CI) Gender difference
Language and fine motor skills    
b L3-L5 .734 (.653-.816)*** .806 (.713-.899)*** ns
b L3-FM5 .235 (.165-.305)*** .307 (.212-.402)*** ns
b FM3-FM5 .392 (.288-.497)*** .624 (.439-.808)*** ns
b FM3-L5 .023 (−.071-.118) ns .048 (−.097-.192) ns ns
cov L3-FM3 .185 (.153-.217)*** .221 (.171-.271)*** ns
res cov L5-FM5 .155 (.120-.189)*** .173 (.120-.226)*** ns
Language and gross motor skills
b L3-L5 .090 (.043-.137)*** .821 (.723-.920) *** ns
b L3-GM5 .006 (−.166-.177) ns .230 (.-088-.372)* ns
b GM3-GM5 1.053 (.643-1.436)*** .673 (.461-.885)*** ns
b GM3-L5 -.027 (−.190-.137) ns -.062 (−.192-.067) ns ns
cov L3-GM3 .264 (.219-.308)*** .391 (.340-.443)*** ***
cov L3-GM3 .102 (.044-.160)** .090 (.043-.137)*** ns
  1. *** = p < .000, ** = p < .005,* = p < .050, ns = not significant, b = regression coefficients, cov = covariance coefficients, res cov = residual covariance coefficients, L3 = language skills at 3 years, L5 = language skills at 5 years, FM3 = fine motor skills at 3 years, FM5 = fine motor skills at 5 years, GM3 = gross motor skills at 3 years, GM5 = gross motor skills at 5 years.
  2. All parameters are unstandardized estimates.