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Table 5 Regression coefficients describing association between SDQ subscale scores at age 6 (Parent- and Teacher-rated) and student-teacher relationship quality trajectories (Stable High versus Moderate/Declining), n = 460

From: Student-teacher relationship trajectories and mental health problems in young children

  Parent-rated SDQ subscale score at age 6 Teacher-rated SDQ subscale score at age 6
B 95% CI p B 95% CI p
1. SDQ emotional difficulties subscale score at age 6   
Model 1       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −0.02 −0.62 - 0.58 .942 −1.46 −2.06 - −0.85 <.001
Model 2 a       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −0.14 −0.75 - 0.47 .661 −1.52 −2.16 - −0.88 <.001
Model 3 b       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −0.14 −0.63 - 0.36 .592 −1.37 −2.01 - −0.73 <.001
2. SDQ Peer Problems Subscale Score at Age 6    
Model 1       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable High −0.59 −1.05 - −0.14 .011 −1.75 −2.25 - −1.25 <.001
Model 2 a       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −0.39 −0.86 - 0.08 .103 −1.56 −2.09 - −1.03 <.001
Model 3 b       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −0.47 −0.89 - −0.05 .030 −1.42 −1.95 - −0.89 <.001
3. SDQ Hyperactivity Subscale Score at Age 6    
Model 1       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −2.21 −2.91 - −1.51 <.001 −4.46 −5.25 - −3.68 <.001
Model 2 a       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable High −1.87 −2.60 - −1.14 <.001 −3.73 −4.53 - −2.94 <.001
Model 3 b       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −1.22 −1.81 - −0.62 <.001 −2.40 −3.18 - −1.63 <.001
4. SDQ Conduct Problems Subscale Score at Age 6    
Model 1       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −1.55 −2.02 - −1.08 <.001 −3.48 −3.90 - −3.06 <.001
Model 2 a       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −1.30 −1.77 - −0.82 <.001 −3.34 −3.79 - −2.89 <.001
Model 3 b       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high −1.10 −1.51 - −0.69 <.001 −2.87 −3.35 - −2.38 <.001
5. SDQ Prosocial Skills Subscale Score at Age 6    
Model 1       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high 1.08 0.61 - 1.56 <.001 3.30 2.65 - 3.96 <.001
Model 2 a       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high 0.77 0.28 - 1.25 .002 2.83 2.15 - 3.50 <.001
Model 3 b       
Moderate/declining ref - - - - -
Stable high 0.60 0.16 - 1.03 .007 2.48 1.78 - 3.18 <.001
  1. aAdjusted for: child age at preschool, child gender, Parent distress, Parental warmth, maternal and paternal education and employment, receiving welfare benefit, and single parent family status. bAdjusted for: child age at preschool, child gender, Parent distress, Parental warmth, maternal and paternal education and employment, receiving welfare benefit, and single parent family status, and the corresponding informant-specific SDQ Subscale score at age 4 (parent-rated and teacher-rated, respectively).
  2. Note. The Moderate/Declining Relationship trajectory group was treated as the reference group in these analyses.