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Table 1 Personal and clinical data of patients (n = 49) and controls (n = 20)

From: Evaluation of emotion processing in HIV-infected patients and correlation with cognitive performance

  Patients Controls p
No. (%) or median (IQR)* No. (%) or median (IQR)*
Male 40 (81.6) 16 (80) 0.87
Age, y* 49 (43–55) 48.5 (44–54) 0.88
Education, y* 13 (8.5–17) 13 (11.3–14.6) 0.85
Pathological Zung depression scale 5 (10.3)   
Transmission risk factor:    
Heterosexual 15 (30.6)   
Injecting drug users 7 (14.3)   
Homosexual 20 (40.8)   
Unknown 7 (14.3)   
Time from HIV diagnosis, y* 14 (3.5–18.1)   
HCV co-infection 9 (18.4)   
Past AIDS-defining events 9 (18.4)   
Past suboptimal therapy 19 (38.8)   
Off Therapy 3 (6.1)   
Time from starting last cART regimen, y* 1.6 (1.1 – 3.1)   
Time from starting first cART regimen, y* 10.2 (3.1 – 14.6)   
CPE rank* 6 (4–7)   
HIV-RNA < 50 copies/mL 44 (89.8)   
CD4 cell count, cells/μL* 570 (437–734)   
CD4 cell count nadir, cells/μL* 211 (115–314)   
  1. Abbreviations: No: number; IQR: interquartile range; y: years; cART: combined antiretroviral therapy; CPE: penetration effectiveness score; HCV: hepatitis C virus.