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Table 1 Demographics and baseline symptomology of students experiencing trauma and receiving Psychological First Aid, Iowa, 2009–2010 (N = 20)

From: Listen protect connect for traumatized schoolchildren: a pilot study of psychological first aid

  All (N = 20)
Demographics n (Col %) Mean (SD)
Age   
 12 7 (35.0)  
 13 4 (20.0)  
 14 3 (15.0)  
 15 4 (20.0)  
 ≥16 2 (10.0)  
Gender   
 Male 16 (80.0)  
 Female 4 (20.0)  
Race   
 White 7 (35.0)  
 Hispanic 1 (5.0)  
 African-American 1 (5.0)  
 Asian/Pacific Islander 8 (40.0)  
 Other race 3 (15.0)  
Grade   
 6th 7 (35.0)  
 7th 4 (20.0)  
 8th 2 (10.0)  
 9th 2 (10.0)  
 10th 4 (20.0)  
 11th 1 (5.0)  
Symptoms   
Depressive symptoms1 60% (n = 12) 23.5 (13.4)
 PTSD symptoms2 55% (n = 11) 16.4 (12.8)
# of Traumas experienced3  
 Happened to student   4.0 (2.0)
 Student witnessed   2.4 (2.8)
 Student learned about   2.1 (3.4)
Social support 4   
 Overall   3.6 (1.0)
 Family   3.5 (1.2)
 Friends   3.7 (1.0)
 Significant other   3.8 (0.9)
School connectedness 5   58.4 (10.7)
  1. 1Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D, 20 item), range (0–60), score ≥16 considered exhibiting mild/moderate/major depressive symptoms.
  2. 2Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (civilian), score ≥14 demonstrates showing PTSD symptoms.
  3. 3Life Events Checklist.
  4. 4Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Overall = average of all 12 items, Subscales (family, friends, significant other) = average of 4 items within each subscale.
  5. 5Healthy Kids Resilience Measure.