Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Positive states of mind, depression, anxiety, and perceived health by age, gender, education and income

From: Frequency of positive states of mind as a moderator of the effects of stress on psychological functioning and perceived health

  Positive states of mind (range: 0 to 4) Depression (range: 0 to 21) Anxiety (range: 0 to 21) Perceived health (range: 0 to 100)
  n % Mean (SD) Sig. Mean (SD) Sig. Mean (SD) Sig. Mean (SD) Sig.
Gender           
 Male 140 41.2 2.43 (0.77) n.s. 3.80 (3.02) n.s. 6.13 (4.01) P < 0.01 69.84 (20.25) n.s.
 Female 200 58.8 2.52 (0.81)   3.98 (3.50)   7.35 (4.10)   68.04 (22.26)  
Age           
 18-29 68 20.1 2.54 (0.76) n.s. 3.66 (3.35) n.s. 7.21 (3.71) P < 0.05 a 68.28 (17.72) n.s.
 30-39 77 22.8 2.40 (0.81)   4.05 (3.43)   7.62 (4.55)   67.64 (21.37)  
 40-49 87 25.7 2.40 (0.83)   4.06 (2.13)   7.18 (4.15)   66.48 (23.98)  
 50- 106 31.4 2.58 (0.78)   3.77 (3.09)   5.79 (3.83)   71.62 (21.39)  
Education           
 High school 105 32.0 2.30 (0.78) P < 0.01 b 4.83 (3.64) P < 0.001 c 7.22 (4.51) n.s. 63.46 (24.64) P < 0.001 d
 Some college 122 37.2 2.50 (0.83)   3.70 (3.30)   6.53 (4.15)   70.42 (21.51)  
 Bachelors degree or more 101 30.8 2.69 (0.72)   2.85 (2.21)   6.52 (3.32)   74.09 (14.86)  
Income           
 0 - 29 999 SEK 123 36.9 2.46 (0.75) n.s. 4.32 (5.50) P < 0.05 e 7.48 (4.13) n.s. 65.92 (22.78) n.s.
 30 000–44 999 SEK 104 31.2 2.47 (0.84)   3.81 (3.16)   6.20 (4.02)   70.31 (20.93)  
 45 000 SEK or more 106 31.8 2.54 (0.80)   3.22 (2.95)   6.61 (3.93)   71.38 (19.62)  
  1. a Post-hoc analysis showed that differences were only significant between those aged 50 or more as compared to participants aged 30–39.
  2. b Post-hoc analysis showed that differences were significant between those with a Bachelors degree and those with lower education.
  3. c Post-hoc analysis showed that differences were only significant between those with High school and Bachelors degree or more.
  4. d Post-hoc analysis showed that differences were significant between those with High school and those with higher education.
  5. e Post-hoc analysis showed a significant difference between those with an income of 45 000 SEK or more and those with an income of 0–29 999 SEK.